The Revolt of the Masses JOSE ORTEGA Y GASSET THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES AUTHORIZED TRANSLATION FROM THE SPANISH W □ W □ NORTON. José Ortega Y. Gasset The Dissection of the Mass-Man Begins 7. Why the Masses Intervene in Everything, and Why Their Intervention is Solely by Violence . SUMMARY OF THE BOOK THE REVOLT OF THE MASSES BY JOSE ORTEGA Y GASSET CHAPTER 1 THE COMING OF THE MASSES In this chapter, Jose.
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On the other 38 the height of the times 29 hand, the man who lives completely and plcasurahly in agreement with actual modes is conscious of the gzsset between the level of our time and that of various past times.
The traveler knows that in the territory there are no ruling principles to which it is possible to appeal.
He was bom, naturally, after his father, but he was born at the age of eighty, while his progenitor was only thirty! Such a road is rather a kind of elastic prison which stretches on without ever setting us free. For the very strong reason that the whole gasswt biology is quite definitely only a chapter in certain biograpliies, it is what biologists do in the portion of their lives open to biography.
There is no reason now for listening, but rather for judging, pro- nouncing, deciding. Read more Read less. The primitive forest appears in its native state, just as if curtains covering pure Nature had been drawn back.
There is no culture where aesthetic controversy does not recog- nise the necessity of justifying the work of art. The Masses, Culture and Leisure. Whilst there was a proportionate decrease of great for- tunes and life became harder for the individual worker, the middle classes found their economic horizon widened every day.
The Revolt of the Masses
But the mediocre soul is incapable of transmigrations — the supreme form of sport. He has no conception even of the rare atmosphere in which ideals live.
A Statistical Fact 6. The idea of minority was also viewed as group of persons with special interest as against that of others.
Kant and Mach — the names are mere symbols of the enormous mass of philosophic and psychological thought which has in- fluenced Prtega — have served to liberate the mind of the latter and leave the reevolt open for his innovation. And if there is a melancholy of ruins which rises above them like exhalations from stagnant waters, this sensitive pro- vincial felt a melancholy no less heavy, though of oppo- site sign: Hence, the only way to separate from it is not to put it out, but to accept its existence, and so to behave in regard to it as to dodge it, to avoid it.
His special at- tribute is the wonder of the eyes. But a moment has come when the civilised world, in relation to the capacity of the average man, has taken on an appearance of superabun- dance, of excess of riches, of superfluity. Hence it still believed in periods relatively classic — the age of Pericles, the Renaissance — during which the values that hold to-day were prepared. Amongst them — to come to the concrete — there is one most plainly at- tached to the advance of a ogtega, namely, that it have a great deal of the past at its back, a great deal of experience; in a word: Our time, In fact, no longer regards itself as definitive; on the contrary, it discovers, though obscurely, deep within itself an intuition that there are no such epochs, definitive, assured, crystallised for ever.
But the 1 See the prologue to my firet book, Meditzcumes del Quijote, This notion in which so many find rest is only a further proof of primitivism.
These are so powerful that they have wiped out all opposition. Thus, in the intellectual life, which of its essence requires and presupposes qualification, one can note the progressive triumph of the pseudo-intellec- tual, unqualified, unqualifiable, and, by their very mental texture, disqualified.
Full text of “The Revolt Of The Masses – José Ortega y Gasset ()”
That is why I speak of hyper democracy. But, is this not an advantage?
As they do not see, behind the benefits of civilisation, marvels of invention and construction which can only be maintained by great effort and foresight, they imagine that their role is limited to demanding these benefits peremptorily, as if they were natural rights. Let us now turn to another kind of epoch which en- joys a vital sentiment, seemingly the most opposed to the last.
This is the new thing: Why should he listen if he has within him all that is necessary? A hurricane of farcicality, everywhere and in every form, is at present raging over the lands of Europe. This also is most natural and confirms the theorem. Hence, we are in presence of a mass stronger than that of any preceding period, but differing from the traditional type in that it remains hermetically enclosed within itself, incapable of submitting to anything or anybody, believing itself self- sufficient — in a word, indocile.
This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat ottega If my body was not a weight to me, 1 should not be able to walk. Philosophy needs neither protection, attention nor sympathy from the masses. Add both to Cart Add both to List. This proclaims, that in the long run, everything is earth, that the jungle springs up everywhere anew.
And this is happening when industry is reaching its highest stage of development, and when peo- ple in general are showing still greater appetite for the use of the apparatus and the medicines created by sci- ence, If we did not wish to avoid prolixity, orttega in- congruity could be shown in politics, arr, morals, religion, and in the everyday activities of life.
The average man, from the second half of the 19th Gassdt on, finds no social barriers raised against him.